The use of electrochemical systems to synthesize compounds have been in use for over a century. Perhaps the most famous of these is the Kolbe Reaction - the dimerization of two carboxylic acids. The main of electrochemical synthesis is the ability to greatly reduce the unwanted side reactions commonly found with classical synthetic approaches.
Electrosynthesis is usually but not exclusively performed in non-aqueous media as as the electrochemical potential windows are generally higher in organic electrolytes compared with aqueous systems. The high solution resistance of organic systems requires high compliance voltage potentiostats. PAR and Solartron offer several products ideally suited towards this application. The PARSTAT 4000 and ModuLab XM ECS systems both have high compliance voltage and excellent current sensitivity with built in digital coulometry techniques for the determination of product yield.